Tuesday, January 24, 2012

Some More Photo Fun

(blogspot is having editing problems with spacing and photos. I'll re-edit tomorrow)According to my mom, my uncle has been doing research on their dad, and stumbled upon this site. ::::Waving:::: Hi BOB, it's me!!! This is MY site Anything and EVERYTHING Rupp on the internet is here, and here only here! That's why my photo is over there on the side!

Anyway, for the rest of you just joining us or revisiting, I am continuing to type away at all 40+ pages of Operation Flashpoint, crossing of the Rhine River. I also added a direct link on the far right at the top of every blog page. Click on it and it will take you directly to that posting, where I will be adding to the tail end more and more pages until I finish.


Until then, I bring you more fun photos for your viewing pleasure. Enjoy. =================================
<><><><><><><><><><><><><>> <><><><><><><><><><><><><><> <><><><><><><><><><><><><>
Fred Rupp - Ft Benning, GA
1954

Fitzsimons Army Hospital - 1952
Visiting the Mrs.

Fred Rupp - 1962 retirement photo
Ft Rucker Alabama

Germany mid 50s

Germany mid 50s

Germany mid 50s

Germany mid 50s

Tuesday, January 17, 2012

Lets try this again, shall we? Operation Flashpoint

This is the documentation I've been trying to get online since last Spring.  They are photocopies of already hard to read typewritten letters and after actions reports.  Scribids was unable to parse them correctly and post them, so I'll have to hand type them in, all 46 pages worth.  This will take me a little time.  I will post all of them, in order on this entry.  I will be editing and adding to this entry and not creating a new entry for each day it takes me.  I'll try to get them all in today, but no promises.  Spacing, font, and centering may be different than the originals and I will be leaving out stamps or markings, such as RESTRICTED or TOP SECRET left over from the original time of release.  (Obviously, these are no longer sensitive materials.)

All entries noting the 280th and their involvement in any action will be in RED, which is my doing.  These documents will also be able to be searched using the search block in the upper left of this block page.  

Pages will also be numbered in the upper left of each entry by me, to help keep my place.

Each page break will be marked by ++++++++++++

That said, here we go, fingers don't fail me now.
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1
HEADQUARTERS 30TH INFANTRY DIVISION
APO30, U.S.ARMY

31March 1945

201.22
SUBJECT: Commendation.
THRU: Commanding General, XVI Corps, APO 197, U.S. Army.
TO: Commanding Officer, 1153rd Engineer Combat Group, U.S. Army.

      1.  I desire to commend the personnel of the 1153rd Engineer Combat Group for the excellent support afforded the 30th Infantry Division in its assault crossing of the Rhine River.  Throughout the operation, the keen spirit of cooperation and unselfish devotion to duty exhibited by your officers an men contributed materially to the success of this splendid achievement.

     2.  By manning all craft used in the crossing, building roads to the landing sites and bridges, and constructing two treadway and one heavy ponton bridge in the 30th Division's zone of attack- all work being accomplished in less than the preplanned time - the 1153rd Engineer Combat Group has sided in making possible a brilliant tactical victory which brings the war closer to its end.

      3.  On behalf of the officers and men of the 30th Infantry Division, I extend my sincere appreciation to you for an important task well done. 

/s/ L.S. Hobbs
L.S.HOBBS
Major General - U.S.Army
Commanding

BASIC: Ltr Hq 30th Inf Div, file 201.22, subject: "Commendation"/

AG330.13 GNMTC        1st Ind
(31 Mar 45)
HEADQUARTERS XVI CORPS APO 197, U.S.Army, 9 April 1945.

TO: Commanding Officer, 1153rd Engineer Combat Group, APO 339, U.S.Army.

I wish to express my personal appreciation to the officers and men of the 1153rd Engineer Combat Group for a difficult task well done. 

/S/ John B Anderson
JOHN B. ANDERSON
Major General, U.S. Army
Commanding
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2

HEADQUARTERS XVI CORPS
Office of the Commanding General
A.P.O. 197

1 April 1945

SUBJECT:  Commendation

TO: Commanding Officer, 1153rd Engineer Combat Group, A.P.O. 339, U.S.Army.

     1.  Upon the completion of the successful crossing of the Rhine River by this Corps,  I would be derelict in my duty if I did not extend to you and, through you, to all the elements of your group my commendation and appreciation for this outstanding performance of engineer operations prior to and during this operation.

     2.  After participating in the training and planning stages with the assault divisions, you expeditiously moved the necessary engineering equipment and supplies to assembly areas along the Rhine.  With your attention to detail and thorough knowledge of the task before you, the assault divisions were rapidly transported across the river and the necessary bridging operations quickly initiated for their support on the far side of the Rhine.  In spite of the width of this barrier and of enemy interference, you pushed completion of bridges and other engineering operations with vigor and enthusiasm.

     3.  The success of the FLASHPOINT Operation was largely due to the aggressiveness, enthusiasm, thorough planning and expert knowledge of the engineering effort required for an operation of this nature.  I congratulate every officer and enlisted man of your command for a job well done.

/s/ John B. Anderson
JOHN B. ANDERSON
Major General, U.S.Army
Commanding

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3

ENGINEER HEADQUARTERS
Ninth U.S.Army
APO 339

4 April 1945

ORDERS )
               :
NO.12     )

     1.  The following message from Major General I.O. Inglis, Chief Engineer, Twenty-one Army Group, B.L.A., to the Engineer, Ninth U.S.Army, is quoted for the information of all concerned:


"CONVEY TO ALL RANKS MY APPRECIATION OF MAGNIFICENT ACHIEVEMENT OF AMERICAN CORPS OF ENGINEERS IN CROSSING RHINE.  SUCCESSFUL OPERATION OF BOATS AND RAFTS AND COMPLETION OF SIX BRIDGES BY D PLUS TWO.  PERMITTING THE ESTABLISHMENT OF FIVE DIVISIONS BY D PLUS FOUR H/S, I BELIEVE, ASTONISHED THE WORLD.  ACCEPT MY CONGRATULATIONS ***"

     2.  The brilliant fulfillment of the Engineer mission in the crossing of the Rhine River by the Ninth Army is a tribute to the fighting spirit, skill and determination of the officers and men to achieved it. In addition to the outstanding accomplishments of those directly engaged in the crossing, the unfailing enthusiasm and technical proficiency of supporting Engineer elements played a major part in the success of the operation.  Please convey my personal congratulations to all concerned on a magnificent job superbly done.  

/s/Richard U. Nicholas
RICHARD U. NICHOLAS
Colonel, Corps of Engineers
Engineer

DISTRIBUTION
10 ea Corps Engr, Ninth Army
1 ea Ninth Army Engr unit
1 ea AG Ninth Army

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4

HEADQUARTERS NINTH UNITED STATES ARMY
Office of the Commanding General


APO 339
4April 1945

330.13 GNMAG



TO:   See Distribution


"TO EVERY MEMBER OF THE AEF  THE ENCIRCLEMENT OF THE RURH BY A WIDE PINCHER MOVEMENT HAS CUT OFF THE WHOLE OF ARMY GROUP B AND PARTS OF ARMY GROUP H, THUS FORMING A LARGE POCKET OF ENEMY TROOPS WHOSE FATE IS SEALED AND WHO ARE RIDE FOR ANNIHILATION.  THE MOST VITAL INDUSTRIAL AREA IS DENIED TO THE GERMAN WAR POTENTIAL.  THIS MAGNIFICENT FEAT OF ARMS WILL BRING THE WAR MORE RAPIDLY TO A CLOSE.  IT WILL LONG BE REMEMBERED IN HISTORY AS AN OUTSTANDING BATTLE - THE BATTLE OF THE RUHR.  SIGNED DWIGHT D EISENHOWER"  3 APRIL 1945.

By command of Lieutenant General SIMPSON:


/s/ John B WIlliams

JOHN B.WILLIAMS
LtCol, AGD
Asst Adjutant General.
DISTRIBUTION
"A" & "D"

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5

HEADQUARTERS XVI CORPS
Office of the Engineer
APO 197, U.S.Army

4 April 1945

SUBJECT: Letter of Appreciation.

To:  Commanding Officer, 1153rd Engineer Combat Group.
       APO 339, U.S.Army

     1.. Due to the continuous movement of the Corps Engineer Section as well as all engineer troops since February 10, time has not permitted proper recognition of the work done by this group during the crossing of the Roer, the advance to the Rhine, crossing of the Rhine, and the gaining of our objectives east of the Rhine.

    2.  The 1153rd Engineer Combat Group meta ll its assignments head on and took them in stride.  It accomplished a most successful crossing of the Roer in flood stage and broke record in the crossing of the Rhine.  Its work was outstanding.  Members of your group can well be proud of the work accomplished as I am proud of having served with you.

     3.  I am confident that your excellent performance will be repeated, if necessary, to bring about complete victory.

/s/John W. Wheeler
JOHN W. WHEELER
Colonel, CE
Engineer
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6

HEADQUARTERS NINTH UNITED STATES ARMY
Office of the Commanding General

APO 339
12 April 1945

330.13 GNMCG
SUBJECT: Congratulatory Message.

To:  See Distribution

     1.  The following message has been received from the Chief of Staff, United States, Army:

    TO: LIEUTENANT GENERAL SIMPSON:
MY CONGRATULATIONS AND ADMIRATION TO YOU, YOUR CORPS AND DIVISION COMMANDERS AND TO ALL YOUR MEN FOR THE MAGNIFICENT JOB DONE IN THE ADVANCE TO THE RHINE AND THE CROSSING INTO THE RUHR.

SIGNED MARSHALL
CHIEF OF STAFF

     2.  It gives me great pleasure to pass to you and the personnel of you command this congratulatory message from General Marshall.

         It wish to add my own congratulations and commendations to you, your officers and men for the superb manner in which you have accomplished these great tasks.  the advance to the Rhine and the crossing into the Ruhr will undoubtedly rank high in the annals of history as an outstanding military achievement.

         I desire that this communication be read to all troops as early as practicable.



/s/ W.H. SIMPSON

W.H.SIMPSON
Lieutenant General, U.S.Army,
Commanding

Distribution
A & D

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

HEADQUARTERS, 1153rd ENGINEER COMBAT GROUP
(Assigned Code name - Debonair)

FORWARD - Purpose

     This story of the 1153rd Engineer Combat Group's participation in the Rhine Crossing of the XVI Corps, Ninth United States Army, on 24 March 1945, is written primarily for the information of those officers and men of this Group who did the planning, training, and work for our part of the operation.  That these officers and men did their best - and well- is testified to by two letters in part XV, at the end of this folder, one letter from Major General J.B. Anderson, Commanding General, XVI Corps, and one from Major General L.S. Hobbs, Commanding General, 30th Infantry Division, whose experienced division we supported in the crossing.

      THE XVI Corps made the Ninth Army bridge head oer the Rhine between Wesel and Orsey.  on the left, the 30th Infantry Division made the main effort supported by the 1153rd Engineer Combat Groups;  on the right the 79th Infantry Division was supported by the 1148th Engineer Combat Group.  The 1103rd Engineer Combat Group was in general support behind these two groups.


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8

Preface


How will be bridge the Rhine?

     That question and many other questions pertinent to that operation have confronted the military minds of the Allied nations for many months.  Long before the "Battle of the Bulge" in Belgium, long before the liberation of Paris, and even long before the invasion of the continent of Europe, technicians were studying the characteristics and terrain features of the Rhine River and its widely publicized valley.  The extent of study, the amount of effort and man hours expended, and the time consumed in learning the aforementioned characteristics, can only be enumerated by those specialized technicians.  It is our job to tell of the actual crossing which is only one of several successful crossing of the Rhine made by the Armies. The enclosed pages tell that story and include all allied papers connected with our bridging the Rhine in the vicinity of Rheinberg, Germany.

Rhine River Crossing - Operation Flashpoint

Our part int eh Rhine Ricer crossing began on February 12, 1945 while we were still working on the preparation for the Roer River Crossing.  The Group Commander and operation staff were called in to work with Corps Engineer on the engineer plans for Flashpoint, the code name assigned to the Ninth Army's Operation for the crossing of the Rhine.  The directive from Ninth Army to XVI Corps was in effect " to prepare plans for the crossing of the Rhine River in the vicinity of Rheinberg:  the Cops to execute the plan to be designated at a later date' mission' cross and provide right flank protection for the Second British Army which attacks at Wesel and area North"/  Target date of the operation was set at March 15.

Equipment to be Available:  Preparation of the engineer plans was based necessarily upon the crossing equipment which Ninth Army stated would be available for the Flashpoint operation.  Primary items were:
Stormboats & 55 HP motors -150 each
Assault boats  -500 (or more)
22HP motors  -250 (or more)
LVT'S (alligators)  -100
LCVP's (9ton Navy boat)  -24 (6 for Army Res.)
LCM's (30 ton Navy boat)  -24(6 for Army Res.)
Seamules (33ton tug boat)  -12
Heavy Ponton bridge - enough for one bridge
Treadway Bridge - enough for 4 bridges

As the result of  conferences with the Army Engineer, and because of other considerations, these figures varied slightly during the planning stage, but were finally made "Firm" prior to the operation. 

Training started:  Since there appeared to be a strong possibility of our Corps doing not only the planning but also the actual crossing and since the time was relatively short, (February 12- March 14: --actually became March 24), we hastened to get some of our then assigned units trained in storm boat operations and handling of LCM's, and Seamules.  Small detachments of the 187th, 202d, and 258th and 280th Engineer Combat Battalions were sent to the 1143rd Engineer Combat Group's Storm Boat School on the Mass River.  The 258th was further given a few day's work with the LCM's, LCVP's and Seamules under the 1143rd Engineer Combat Group's supervision.

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9 (wow only page 9 sorry I'm so slow at this.  I have arthritis in my hands and one elbow, which makes this not so much of a pleasant task some days.  - Back to the show.)

     However, the extent of this training was short for the 1153rd Group had to continue its support of the 35th Infantry Division and the 7th Armored Division (British) on the Roer River, and when the Roer River crossing took place beginning on February 23, all XVI Corps engineer effort was directed to the crossing and follow-up attack toward the Rhine.

     Situation March 8-10:  From February 23 until March 8, this Group had been completely committed in supporting the 35th Infantry Division's crossing of the Roer and its and the 9th Armored Division's swift advance toward the Orsory-Rheinberg-Wesel area on the Rhine.  However, on March 7, word came that the XVI Corps would most likely execute the Rhine crossing for the Ninth Army with target date March 24.  At a conference on that date between Army, Corps, and Group Engineers the amount of stream crossing equipment and engineer troop reinforcement available for XVI Corps was more definitely fixed than before.  The Corps Engineer plan was tentatively approved.  Final approval of the whole Corps plan was given by the Commanding General, Ninth Army, on March 10.

     The 30th Infantry Division had been selected for the main (left) attack and the 79th Infantry Division for the secondary (right) attack.  These Divisions were, during the March 8-10, closed into areas between the Roer and the Maas Rivers, in the general vicinity of Sittard, Holland, where training for the crossing was to take place in accordance with the Corps plan.

     The situation at this time with respect to the 1153rd Group can best be shown as follows:

     Supporting the Attack to the Rhine:  The 35th Division on the left and the 8th Armored Division on the right are continuing their attack to seize the west bank of the Rhine in our Corps zone (Wesel-Orsoy).  The 1148th Engineer Combat Group was supporting the right (8th Armored Division) and the 1153rd Engineer Combat Group the left (35th Division).  The 280th Engineer Combat Battalion was kept in close support of the 35th Division- and remained in support until the 35th reach the west bank and was relieved by the 75th Division.


     Reconnaissance:  In order to obtain early ground reconnaissance, the S-2 section of the 1153rd Engineer Combat Group had moved to Lintfort when the rest of the CP returned to Echt, Holland.  Working from Lintfort, S-2 obtained early ground reconnaissance information on which to base further planning for the actual operation.  The results of this "right-along-the-riverbank" work for the period March 10-20 is clearly shown in ANNEX A.  (The S-2 Section, 1148th Engineer Combat Group, did likewise in their sector.)

     Training Area:  The 30th Infantry Division moved into the Echt-Roermond area along the Maas River, allowing ample space for units of the 1153rd Group.  As Group Headquarters occupied space in the same building with the Division Headquarters, the closest coordination of plans for both the training and the operation was facilitated.. By March 11 most of the Combat Battalions, Heavy Ponton, Treadway, Tank, and Naval units attached to the 1153rd Group had moved into training areas selected for them.

     Decisions:  By this time our Group Headquarters had made the following decisions:

     To get all of the personnel (Except the 280th Engineer Combat Battalion, which would be engaged in road work near and at the crossing sites) together in the training area in order to fit them into the "task forces"  as soon as possible for training and mutual familiarization;

     To get all the stream crossing equipment into the training area under our control in order to be certain of its reliability;

    To support the 30th Division and execute the engineer missions by task force principle thus:

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10

1. TF ASSAULT - The 258th Engineer Combat Battalion, reinforced by two hundred 55 HP and 22HP motor operators from other units in the Group and Army, was to furnish and operate all storm and assault boats for the crossing.  The 258th's training prior to Roer River, mentioned before, indicated this as the best solution----as well as the fact that one Battalion's handling this large training requirement in a short time appeared the simplest, more centralized way of doing the job.

2.  TF HEAVY BOATS -  The 202d Engineer Combat Battalion, reinforced by the 122.5.3 Naval Detachment, was to transport, unload, and operate the LCP's, LCM's, and Sealmules, and also to construct and operate the ferries.

3.  TF ROADS - the 280th Engineer Combat Battalion was to continue road work up to the Rhine - to include two-way bridge approaches and landing sites, except in the sector of M1 Treadway bridge.

4.  TF M2 TREADWAY - Co "E", 17th Armored Engineer Battalion, 2d Armored Division; with Co "C", 202d Engineer Combat Battalion attached, to construct the M2 Treadway Bridge.

5.  TF  HEAVY PONTON BRIDGE - 180th Heavy Ponton Battalion, with "A" and "B" Co's, 554th Heavy Ponton Battalion, and two companies 171st Engineer Combat Battalion attached, to construct the reinforced heavy ponton bridge.

6.  TF BOON - 554th Heavy Ponton Battalion, Headquarters and Headquarters Company, with one company, 171st Engineer Combat Battalion attached, to construct the required debris and anti-mine booms.

7.  TF M1 TREADWAY BRIDGE - 234th Engineer Combat Battalion, with 989th Engineer Treadway Bridge Company attached, to construct the roads to and the landing sites near the M1 Bridge site, and build the M1Bridge.

8.  TF LVT - 747th Tank Battalion to operate the LVT's.

  Training Period 11-19 March:  With the Division Engineer and the F-3 for the 30th Division a training plan had been worked out for this period covering the following"

ASSAULT - Each infantry battalion was familiarized with the storm and double assault boats' then each of these assault battalions received a daytime, then a nighttime full dress rehearsal.

LCM, LCVP, LVT - Elements of both divisional and corps units were familiarized, including leading and unloading of these craft.

   
This same period saw the following as to Task Forces:

1.  TF ASSAULT - received its 200 additional operation on March 12; all of it's 160 storm boats and 55HP motors, and 120 double M2 assault boats and 22HP motors by March 16; trained it's guides, operators, far shore marking parties, beachmasters; worked continually with the three infantry regiments and their battalions in perfecting their technique.

2.  TF HEAVY BOATS - developed methods of unloading LCM's, LCVP's, and seamules; trained a company in assembly and operation of the Bailey raft; assembles 4 seamules; supervised a DUKE (?) company in training/  During this period the 202d Engineer Combat Battalion had 3500 men for rations rather than 650.

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11

3. TF ROADS - continued to work on roads behind the dikes in the zone of the 30th Division between Rheinberg and Wesel; prefabricated 9000 ft of Somerfeld track' nailed to 2 x 12 x12 ft timbers'; reconnoitered in area between dikes and river bank from the Alter Rhine to Wesel. 280th Engineers for one week prior to operation Flashpoint repeatedly swept for mines in the area between the dike and the river at crossing sites.

4. TF M2 TREADWAY - assembled equipment'; trained Co C, 202d Engineer Combat Battalion' improved its methods of constructing bridge rapidly.

5.  TF HEAVY PONTON BRIDGE - assembled equipment and trained two days as a unit.

6.  TF BOOMS - planned and collected materials for a stagger and a debris boom; trained in constructing booms on the Maas River, (the materials for the boom were not available until D -4).

7.  TF M1 TREADWAY - worked on roads in the 79th Division sector along the Rhine; planned and assembled equipment for the construction of the M1 Treadway.

8.  TF LVT - trained operators and familiarized other units with LVT's; overhauled equipment ( all of this equipment was deadlined and had to be repaired during period D -10 to D -3 days)  ; this Headquarters was charged by Corps with splitting the LVT's ( II's and IV's) between the two Divisions and transporting all of the LVT's tot he river front.

     The period from March 20-30 was primarily the period of movement of the troops and equipment forward to Assembly areas and dumps 2000 to 8000 yards from the Rhine in our sector.

Supply:  The location of the forward dump for all the Corps bridge materials and miscellaneous engineer supplies in Lintfort, central to the Corps front, was decided.  The transportation of the supplies was a heavy burden to Army, Corps, and Group Units.

      Tied closely into supply was the traffic circulation plan worked out with the G-4 agencies that gave the two Groups exclusive use of the Engineer Road - Lintfort to Rheinberg - and that in the sector of the 30th Division assured clear roads for road and bridge material during the critical hours of H -1 to H -24.

Miscellaneous"  Our interest in other defense measures allied to the engineer effort was shown in the memorandum which was submitted to the XVI Corp and 30th Division Headquarters on the matters of the TD locations on the dike, attack of the barges, etc.

     The movement of the LCM's and seamules represented special problems because of their large dimensions, widths running to 15 feet, heights to 16.5 feet, lengths to 95 feet.

     During this period reconnaissance was greatly intensified and the final selection was made of the sites for bridges, roads beyond the dikes, unloading points for LCVP's, LCM's, sealmules, and rafting sites.  Key engineer personnel visited their sites at least once in order to be familiar with the ground in advance.

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 12

     The detailed examination of the unloading site for the heavy craft was particularly critical and thorough, for much depended upon the rapid but heavy work to be done in this one small area--- which to the enemy was a perfectly obvious one for us to use.  We had hoped to use the Alter Rhine Canal for unloading, but soundings on D -3, plus continued fall in the river, precluded use of this site. 

     Scheduling:  The following schedule was issued by Group Headquarters on March 23 to be followed strictly unless otherwise ordered by this Headquarters.  Intelligence reports and weather conditions so definitely forecast the factors to be encountered that this scheduling in advance was justifiable.

     Note:  (1) Artillery preparation started at 0100 --- one hour before jump off at 0200;

                (2)  Red, White, and Blue Beaches were so named from left (North opposite Buderich) to right (South opposite Rheinberg); through each beach passed and infantry regiment. 



Hq 1153rd Engr C Gp
231000A

Schedule of Events

1. RED BEACH:
a.  280th Engineers working party prepares unloading site for 3 LCVP's from 0100 on.
b.  202d Engineers 12 Ton crane and 3 LCVP's close in Buderich by 0200.
c.  Crane crosses highway at 0230.
d.  LCVP's start at intervals forward of highway at 0245.

2.  WHITE BEACH:
a. 280th Engineers starts road construction forward of dikes at 0100.
b.  280th Engineers starts marking LCM, etc. landing sites at 0100.
c.  280th Engineers prepares landing sites for LCM & LCVP at 0230.
d.  Treadway and Heavy Ponton Bridges start at 0700  -- prior to this, prepare bank approaches.

3. BLUE BEACH:
a  234th Engineers stars road beyond dike at 0100.
b. 234th Engineers marks and constructs landing sites for LCM'S and LCVP's at 0230.
c. 202d Engineers builds Baily rafts at 0300--- gets storm boats and operators from 258th Engineers.
d.  234th Engineers starts bridge at 0700.

4.  UNLOADING POINT AT DOCK:
a.  Send 2 tank dozers forward of dike at 0100.
b.  Send 2 20-ton cranes forward at 0215.


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13

c.  Send 2 LCVP's forward at 0230, thereafter 2 at a time until 6 are unloaded.
d.  Send 1 LCM forward at a time after LCVP's are unloaded.
e.  Send 1 seamule forward at a time after 9 LCM's are unloaded.  Have MK IV TK Wreckers stand by in Ossenberg.

/s/ D.C. Wallace

D.C.Wallace
Colonel, CE

D-Day


March 24:  (The night was clear, the banks were almost dry, and things went just about as planned by the 30th Division and by the Group)


     Each of the first wave of storm boats carried two engineers and seven infantrymen.  The second consisted of storm and assault boats; the third consisted of LVT and M2 assault boats; and the fourth wave consisted of LCVP's/  The events of the early engineer work were as follows:


1.  TF ASSAULT:
0100  (plus of minus depending on beach, depending on the distance 800 to 100 yards that boats had to be carried) 
            The boats and assault battalions moved toward the river's edge.
0200  (plus or minus five minutes)
          Assault battalions jumped off, each in four waves at two minute intervals.
0330  The Second Battalion from Red and from Blue Beach jumped off; thereafter miscellaneous use of the storm and double M2
          assault boats.

2. TF HEAVY BOATS:
0100  Started dozers forward.
0130-0300  Column of vehicles had been mixed up; straightened out by 0300.
0530  First LCVP in water
0630  Five LCVP's in water operating -- 1 damaged
          Note: The three LCVP's unloaded at RED BEACH were all operating by 0400.
0930  Baily raft operating at WHITE BEACH.
          One LCM operating at WHITE BEACH.
1215  Three LCM's operating at BLUE BEACH.
           Six LCM's operating at  WHITE BEACH.
           Note:  LCM's and LCVP's hauled personnel, weapons, light tanks, TD's - and also were dispatched to help in construction of
                      bridges.
1830  The two Baily rafts in operation, hit completed M2 Treadway bridge.  Thereafter no more rating and no use of boats near upstream
           side of bridges under construction.

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14

3.  TF ROADS:
0100  Started laying 3000 yards of prefabricated road surface; started marking sites.  Started hauling crushed stone.
0230  Started preparing LCM, LCVP sites.

4.  TF M2 TREADWAY:
0630 Started constructing bridge.
0700-0830 Interruption for construction of two treadway rafts - later incorporated into bridge.
1530 Complete bridge (1152 feet).
1600 Opened Bridge to traffic.
1830 Damaged by two rats floating into it.

D plus 1
0200 Reopened after repair.

5. RF HEAVY PONTON BRIDGE:
0600 Started construction
D plus 1
0100 Completed.
0630 Opened to traffic.

6.   TF BOATS:
Construction was delayed until utility boat and LCVP could be made available.  This operation was not successful, and this TF performed the mission of downstream patrol instead.

7.  TF M1 TREADWAY:
0600 Started construction.

D plus 1
0430  Completed; No traffic until additional anchors are placed.
0830 Opened to traffic.

8.  TF LVT:
0300 Started operation.
after 1200 LVT's mostly idle.
1817 LCT's ordered to assembly areas out of water.



Elaboration of Events on D-Day


     Training was completed, plans were accurately laid, the assault craft were in position behind the winter dike in the initial assembly areas, the heavy equipment and material was in place, trucks were loaded ready for movement when called for, traffic control stations were set up, forward CPs were established, communications were nearly complete, messengers were standing by, all was in readiness to cross the last effective German barrier.

     After dark on D -1, (23 March), all communication personnel were busily running lines from the different beached back to the forward CP and making sure that the communication set-up was completed.  It was possible to contact every vital point by phone from the forward and rear CP's.  A person standing on WHITE BEACH could talk to Corp headquarters by phone.  Communications played a vital part in the success of the operation.

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15

     At 2030, our forward CP was opened at Wallach.  Between that time and H - Hour, we made a final check to see that everything was ready.

     The DD tank site and bailey ferry site were interchanged at 2150 by mutual agreement with the 117th Regiment.  At 2300, the reserve battalion on WHITE BEACH began carrying the assault and storm boats forward to the final assembly area.  The 83rd Smoke Generating Company and our attache AA units moved into position.

     As H-Hour approached (0200, 24 March)  ideal river bank and weather conditions prevailed, and planning thus far had gone off as scheduled.

     The artillery preparation began at 0100 and simultaneously, plus or minus a few minutes depending on the distance the boats had to be carried, the assault battalions and assault craft moved forward to the water's edge.  Dozers began movement to the river to construct the launching site for TF heavy boats.  Construction was begun on 3000 yards of prefabricated road for two-way approaches to the bridge sites.  Forty trucks of rock moved forward to top approach roads while routes to the various sites were being marked.

     At 0130 the convoy of heavy boats was jammed up on its narrow approach road and this difficulty was straightened out by 0300.  When this report came in, the LVT's had already began to move to rear of winter dike.

    At 0200, plus or minus five minutes, the assault battalions jumped off, each in four waves at two minute intervals.  The motors had previously been heated by chemically treated medical heating pads and the motors were covered with gas protective covers.  The results of this procedure were very good as the first wave of the actual assault was nearly simultaneous.  Very little difficulty was experienced in starting motors.  The immediate starting of motors also solved the problem of assault boats bunching together by drifting downstream.  When the first wave reached the far shore, the boundaries of the beach were marked by colored lights to aid other waves in crossing.

  Preparation of LCM and LCVP  sites was started.  At 0246, engineer personnel at RED BEACH prepared to unload the LCVP's.  LCT's began operation on BLUE BEACH at 0250 and at 0300 they were in operation on all beachesAt this time, preparation of the launching sites for heavy boats had began.

  The second battalions jumped off from RED and Blue Beaches at 0330 and after that time, the assault and storm boats were used only as needed for supply and evacuations.

At 0338, it was reported that the sommerfeld mat on the approach road to the M2 Treadway Bridge was laid and that it was almost complete for the heavy ponton bridge.

By 0400, three LCVP's were in the water at RED BEACH and were being used.

WHITE BEACH was ready to transport tanks at 0415, but LCM's were not ready.  The beachmaster was told to pull the tanks back and wait until LCM's had been launched.

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
16

     A request for TD fire was received from the BLUE BEACH to be directed against enemy machine gun at 0430.  At 0431, Group Commander ordered the bridges to start at 0600 rather than 0700 as planned; at same time a river patrol of one utility boat was ordered in operation on North (WESEL) flank pro protection from downstream threats.

    At 0450, it was learned that 20, 19, and 19 LVT's were operating on RED, WHITE, and BLUE BEACHES respectively.  The LVT's were ferrying the third battalion on RED and BLUE Beaches, the second battalion on WHITE BEACH.

    By 0510, the division engineers had prepared the sites on the far shore for the LCM's.  It was reported at 0535 (typo on  report reported as 9535),  that one lane of the approach road to the M2 Treadway Bridge was complete.

    Difficulty was encountered on the heavy boat launching site because of enemy fire and by 0545 only one LCVP was in the water at that point.

     At day break 0625,  WHITE and BLUE Beaches called for smoke coverage.  Observed artillery fire was coming in on Blue Beach.

     By 0640, five LCVP's were launched from the heavy boat launching site making a total of eight operating.

     The 17th Engineer Treadway Bridge Company was instructed to build treadway rafts on WHITE BEACH at 0647.  The construction of the M2 Treadway was started at 0630 and the first float was in the water at 0715.  The constructed (ion) of the M! treadway started at the same time but construction was help (held) up several times by artillery fire.

     By 0800, the M2 treadway was well under way and the treadway rafts were near completion.  Reports were coming in of good progress by the infantry on the far shore.

     It was reported at 0830, that a reconnaissance on the far shore indicated it was necessary to build the M2 treadway 100 years downstream from previously selected site.  In accordance with these findings, the approach road had to be adjusted slightly to meet the new site.  This was done with little delay in construction,   By this time, all approach roads to the bridge sites had been completed.

     By 0930, one bailey raft and one LCM were operating at WHITE BEACH.   More smoke was called for by WHITE and Blue Beaches.  The infantry was well established on the far shore and the LCVP's and LVT's were bringing back the wounded and the prisoners.

     The M2 Treadway Bridge site had over 200 feet of the bridge completed by 1045 and at this time a crew of engineers crossed to prepare the far shore approach.    Ever since daylight, artillery had been coming intermittently on both WHITE and BLUE Beaches.  The shifting wind provided a difficult problem of smoke coverage.

     A request to Army for additional LCVP's was turned down.

     By 1150, 360 feet of the M2 Bridge was complete, the heavy ponton bridge was well under construction, and 4 LCVM's were operating at WHITE BEACH.
    
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
++++++SPELL CHECK IS DOWN FROM THIS POINT ON TODAY.  I WILL RECHECK LATER DATE.

17

Beginning at 159, the beachmasters were relieved at the beaches for six hour periods.

At 1205, two bailey rafts were operating and 520 feet of the M-2 treadway was completed.

The folowing distribution of  heavy boats was made at 1215; One LCVP for each bridge site and two LCVP's to operate at each beach.  Threee LCM's were to operate at Blue Beach and six at White Beach.


By 1245, 600 feet of the M-2 Tredway was complete and at 1330, 792 feet had been completed.  The boom construction had started at both upstream and downstream sites.  River patrols were operating to take the place of uncompleted mine booms.

At 1400, the upstream mine boom broke loose and all beaches were alerted in intercept the floating boom.

At 1410, 828 feet of the M-2 Treadway was complete and teh 1152 foot bridge was opened to traffic at 1530.

At 1430, all bridge sites were notified to prepare three pound charges to be used against enemy swimmers.

When the M-2 Treadway was completed, all utility boats except one was sent to the heavy ponton site.

Most of the LVT's were idle by 1200 and at 1817, they were ordered to assemble in rear of the winter dike.

By 1512, twelve sections of the M-1 treadway were complete but artillery fire knocked out four sections.

At 1745, an agreement was established between group and division to stop operation of all boats, except LCMs, and LCVP's, at 1900.  LCMs and LCVPs would continue to operate until heavy ponton bridge was completed.

The M-1 Treadway was approximately halfway completed at 1800.

The first seamule was in the water at 1740 and it was turned over to the heavy ponton site.  The scond was to go to the 1142d Engineer Combat Group for its use in constructing an Army bridge later.  The order was issued to stop operation of all Dukevs (??) and rafts.  Barrage balloons were put up over bridge sites at 1805.

At 1840, a raft floated into the middle of the M-2 treadway bridge.  The damaged part had to be cut away with explosives and the bridge wasn't opened to traffic until 0200, D +1, that is seven and a half hours later.  Up to this time, no progress had been made on mine booms at Read beach because there were no available water craft to help.  One LCVP and two utility boats were made available for downstream patrol. 

At 2330, the order was issued to stop operating all craft between the M-2 and heavy ponton bridges except one LCM which was to carry wounded and medical supplies.   Two LCM's were to operate, one at a time, about 1500 yards South (upstream) of heavy ponton bridge on patrol duty until further notice.

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

18

The 180th Heavy Ponton Battalion was charged with security of all bridges and coordination of river patrol with 75th Infantry Divisions's TD'S.

At 0430, the M-1 treadway was completed but was not opened to traffic until 0830.  At this time it was turned over to the 79th Infantry Division and the 234th Engineer Combat Battalion, and 989th Engineer Treadway Bridge Company was relieved from attachment to 1153rd.

At 0630, the Heavy Ponton Bridge was opened to Class 36 traffic.

The maneuver cable of the log boom at Red Beach was across the river at 0937 and the logs were being installed.  The stagger boom was under construction.

Communications from our forward CP switchboard to the east bank of the Rhine were established at 1040 to take priority calls.

The 280th Engineer Combat Battalion was ordered to maintain the last 1000 yards of roads to the river and prepare to move across.  The 202d Engineer Combat Battalion was alerted to move across at 1500.








It was reported at 1140 that 300 feet of the log boom at Red Beach was completed and work on stagger boom was continuous.

Our forward CP at Wallach , Germany was closed at 1730, 26 March 1945 and moved back to Alpon to continue control of engineer operations.  The smoke generating company was instructed to continue soke coverage until further notice.

At 0845 on 27 March, the log boom was broken and the stagger boom had a total of four sections completed.  The attached units were engaged in road work on near and far shores, and in maintaining the military bridging over the Rhine.

On 27 March, the 1153rd Engineer Combat Group moved across teh Rhine River to Friedrichfeld, Germany and continued the support of the 30th Infantry Division.

And so the Rhine was crossed.

CONCLUSIONS

1.  General:  The complete success of Engineer operations described herein can only be ascribed to careful adn throrou planning, training, and supervision.  The Rhine River did not, repeat not, at the points crossed by the Group prevent any different problems or require any different procedures from those outlined in appropriate field manuals.

2.  Assault Crossing:  The use of storm adn double M-2 assault boats proved successful.
          a.  Double M-2 assault boats were modified by placing brackets on the rear for mounting 22HP motors and a splash board on the front.  This splash board was of simple, one piece construction, projecting about 6" above the bow.


+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

19

     b.  Marking the helmets of Engineer oficers and enlisted men facilitated mutual identification and control.

    c.  The use of inter- aircraft control lamps to mark the crossing sectors (company boundaries) was successful.. Machine guns firing tracers were used for the first wave.

     d.  A two man engineer crew was sufficient for both double assault boats and storm boats.  Additional men were used as guides.

     e.  The idea of wedding the engineer crew, their boat, and the motor they were to use during the crossing as early doing training as availability of material permitted assurred proper maintenance and gave the crew members complete faith in their equipment.  That confidence was passed on to infantry assault battalions in the last training phase - the dress rehearsal on the Maas.

     f.  Chemical heat pads were used successfully to warm motors prior to the assault.

     g.  Outboard motor operators are difficult to find.  All EM ni the 9th US Amry were screened in order to find sufficient for attachment to the 258th Engineer Combat Battalion, making the assault.

3.  Heavy Boats:

     a.  LCVP's were used successfully.  Better menas than the cranes and heavy ponton trailer must be found for putting these in the water.

     b.  LCM's were not successful. It took too long to put them in the water and when they did get in, they ran into bridges.  They could not carry medium tanks satisfactorily.

     c.  Sea Mules;  These were planned for use in propelling Bailey rafts.  Comments made in 3b above apply to sea mules also.  Storm boats were used to propel rafts. 

     d.  Navy Detachment;  In future operations of this type, the craft should be operated by Army personnel.

     e.  Utility Boats;  Although sea mules were planned for use in bridge construction, they were not availalbe and utility boats were used.  The need was evident for more powerful boats of the utility boat type.

     f.  DUKW's These did excellent work around bridges, dropping anchors and carrying far shore parties.

4.  Treadway Bridge, M-2:

     a.  The success with this bridge was due to careful planning and prefabrication of float - saddle assemblies.  These assemblies were carriend on dump trucks in the manner shown in the illustrations.
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
20

     b.  The interruption in use of teh bridge caused by a bailey raft flaoting into the bridge could have been prevented by keeping all rafts and heavy boats downstream of bridges.  Anchors were on all craft and rats but responsible persons did not use them when motors failed.

     c.  20016  anchors were used in a normal anchor system - no cross stream cable.

5.  M-1 Treadway Bridge;

      a.  Same comments as avoe apply except that cross-stream cable was used.

6.  Heavy Ponton Bridge:
     a.  Anchors used were of various weights from 200-600 pounds.  These were salvaged from barges in canals along the Maas River.  Anchor system was later reinforced by bailey crib anchors. (illustration)

7.  Mine Booms:  The group had the mission of placing one debris boom and one stagger boom downstream of its bridges.  These failed because of insufficient and improper materials.

8.  Roads:  Road constrcution started with the artillery preparation and proceeded very rapidly.

     a.  A construction road was laid out along side the road to be built.  The permitted sections of the road to be built simultaneously.

    b.  Use of sommerfelt track with 2x12 planks spiked to it and coverd with 5"-6" of gravel or crushed rock naturally speeded construction.

9.  LVT's:  Use was generally successful. Lvt-4's are preferred to LVT-2's because they can laod 1/4 Tons through drop doors.

+++++++++++++++++++++
21
                                                                                                                                                       ATTN:VOCG, XVI CORPS
                                                                                                                                                       DATE:21 March, 1945
                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                       HQ, 1153 ENGR C GP
                                                                                                                                                       APO 339, U.S. Army
                                                                                                                                                       210001A March 1945

FO. No. 3

MAPS:  GSGS 4414, Scale 1:25,000, SHeets 4304,4404,4405,4406,43(unreadable)
              GSGS 4507, Scale 1:50,000, Sheets 7, 17, 37,8, 18,38.

1.a. Annex No 1 and 2 Int
   b.1. XVI CORPS assaults across teh RHINE R in Z, D-Day, H-Hour and secures that portion of NINTH ARMY bridgehead within Z.

      2. 12 CORPS  (BR) on our left assaults across RHINE R North of WESEL to secure bridgehead and seize WESEL.

      3. XVIII A/B CORPS makes air-drop NE WESEL in conjunction with Atk 12 CORPS (BR) and advances to E on our left (N)flank.

      4. XII CORPS on our right defends W bank of RHINE R in Z, assists crossing of XVI CORPS by fire from W bank of RHINE, by
          demonstration  in Z, and by destruction of all craft operating against bridges downstream.

      5.  30 Inf Dic (Reinf) assaults across RHINE R in Z at D-Day, H-Hour, secures that portion of initial bridge-head in Z (obj 1, Opns
           Overlay), and Adv E in Z to successive Corps Objs.

      6.  79 Inf Div (Reinf) assaults across RHINE R in Z at D-Day, H-Hour, secures that portion of initial bridgehead in Z, and cuts Rd
           and rail communications running N and NW to WESEL.

TROOPS:
202 Engr C Bn
258 Engr C Bn
280 Engr C Bn
171 Engr C Bn
234 Engr C Bn
989 Engr Tdwy Br Co
Co E, 17 Armd Engr BN (Tdwy Br Co)
180 Engr Hv Pon Bn
554 Engr Hv Pon BN
73 Engr L Pon Co
1355 Engr Dp Trk Co
747 Tk Bn (less Co D) (Operating LVTs)

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
22

9 LCM and 9 LCCVP crews ( From Naval Unit 122.5.3)
6 Seamule crews (from Detachment C, 329 Harbor Craft Co)
553 AAA AW Bn (mbl) (less Btry B (Atchd for Opns)

2.  1153 Engr C Gp supports attack of 30 Inf Div in Z (Annex 4- Overlay).

3.a 258 ENGR C BN (Motor boat operators atchd):
      1.  Conduct assault crossing of Inf at sites, F,K and M employing storm boats and M-2 assault boats (Annex No - 4 Overlay).  Each
           company supports a Regt of Inf.  This Engr company commander controls all Engr crossing means in his assault area.  He is the
           BEACHMASTER.  He wears a white helmet.  He schedules the LCTs, LCVPs, LCMs, so as to have them available for loading
           and departure without delay.

     2.  Mark boundaries of assault elements by use of a system of inter-aircraft marking lamps.

     3.  Operate two (2) double assault boats as rescue boats in each Tegtl area after foot troops of the assault bns have crossed. 
          Continuous operation until relieved by Group order.

     4.  At completeion of assault crossings assemble in bivouac and be prepared to move to far shore to accomplish normal engr
          missions.

     5.  Mark assault areas and LVT approaches from main roads to launcing sites immediately prior to H-Hour (Annex 4- Overlay).

  b.  202 Engr C Bn (less Co C) (9 LCVP cres, 9 LCM crews & 6 Seamule crews atchd):
    
      1.  Launch Navel Craft on Group order.  Supervise and control loading, operation and unloading of LCMs, LCVPs, and Seamules,
          at designated sites.  (Annex 5 - Overlay).

      2.  Construct and operate four (4) cl 40 Baily rafts on Group order after H plus 1. One (1) Utility boat will be available for
           construction of rafts.  Thre (3) Seamules to be used for operation of rafts.  (Annex 5- Overlay).

      3.  Construct and maintain approach roads from existing road net to bailey raft site, both on near and far shore.

++++++++++++++++++++++++
23

      4.  Mark Bailey raft ferry site both for day and night recognition.

      5.  Control traffic on RHINE R.  Prohibit in so far as possible the operation of any craft within 500 yds upstream
           of floating bridges.  Insure that operating personnel are instructed to drop anchor immediately if mechanical failure of their
           craft occurs in midstream.

      6.  Deliver the following launched equipment on call from the BEACHMASTER to designated beaches.  (Annex 5 - Overlay).
           a.  3 LCVPs to each of the 3 LCVP loading sites at F, F & M.
           b.  3 LCMs to LCM loading site opposite BLUE BEACH.
           c.  3 LCMs to each of 2 loading sites opposite WHITE BEACH.

      7.  Deliver the following launched Seamules on Group order to officer in charge of sites indicated.  (Annex 5 - Overlay).
           a.  One (1) Seamule to site G.
           b.  One (1) Seamule to site H.
           c.  One (1) Seamule to site L.
           d.  One (1) Seamule to site T.

      8.  Be prepared to assist in bridge construction of to move to far shore upon being relieved of river line missions.


         

  c.  280 Engr C Bn:
    1. Construct and maintain approach roads in Z of attack ahead of dykes on Group order.
    2.  Construct apporaches for LCMs, LCVPs, and Seamules on near shore at F and K.  (Annex 5- Overlay).  Furnish sufficient
         personnel to the BEACHMASSTER at each site to insure proper maintenance of approaches.
    3.  Be prepared to take over approaches on far shore at about H plus 3.
    4.  Mark approach roads and loading sites for LCVPs, LCMs, and DD Tks from existing road net on newar shore for day and night
         recognition prior to H-Hour.
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
24


d. 234 Engr C Bn (989 Engr Tdwy Br Co atchd):
     1. Constuct and maintain cl 40 M-1 Tdwy Br at L on Group order (Annex 5 - Overlay)
     2.  Construct and maintain approach roads from existing road net to bridge on both shores.
     3.  Construct and maintain approaches for LCMs and LCVPs on near shore at M (Annex5-
          Overlay)
     4.  Mark approach raods and loading sites for LCVPs and LCMs from existing road net on near
          shore for day and night recognition.
     5.  Revert to 1103 Engr C Gp upon Corps order after completion of bridge.

e.  180 Hvy Pn Bn  ( A & C Co's, 171 Engr C Bn: A & B Co's, 554 Hvy Pon Bn atchd):
     1.  Construct and maintain Hvy Pon Br Reinf at site H on Group order (Annex 5- Overlay)
     2.  Construct and maintain approaches to bridge on near and far shore.

f.  E Co 17 Armd Engr Bn ( Co c, 202 Engr C Bn atchd):
     1.Construct and maintain cl 40 M-2 Tdwy Br at site G on Group order  (Annex 5- Overlay)

g.  554 Hvy Pon Bn (less A & B Co's) (B Co, 171 Engr C Bn atchd);
     1.  Construct one log debris boom at site T on Group order  (Annex 5- Overlay)
     2.  Construct one stagger debris boom at site U on Group order.
     3.  Provide continuous downstream water security at site U from beginning of boom construction
          until relieved by Group order.
h.  73 L Pon Co :
     1.  Under operational control of Group S-4.
     2.  Furnish and deliver equipment (Adm Annex).
     3.  Advise and assist in construction of cl 40 Bailey rafts.

i.  1355 Dp Trk Co:
     1  .Under operational control of Group S-4.
__________________________________
25


     2.  Furnish and operate dump trucks.  (Adm Annex)

j.  747 Tk Bn, LVT (less Co D):
     1.  Furnish and operate LVTs on call from BEACHMASTER on Group Order.
     2.  Operational Areas as follows:
           CO A        RED BEACH
           CO B        WHITE BEACH
           CO C         BLUE BEACH

k.  553 AAA AW Bn (Mbl) (Less Battery B):
     1.  Provide AAA protection to bridge sites on near shore  (Annex 5- Overlay)
     2.  Coordinate with 30 Inf Div AAA Officer.

x.  1.  This order will not be taken fwd of Bn CP's.
     2.  Maximum secrecy precautions will be taken.
          a.  All units will maintain normal activity prior to H- Hour
          b.  All movements into position of assault troops and supporting elements will be made under
               cover of darkness.
     3.  No troops will be closer than 2000 yds to WESEL prior to 2230 hrs, D-1.
     4.  Gas masks will be carried until further orders.
     5.  Life belts will be worn by all personnel on or near the water.
     6.  Sufficient anchorage will be provided on all craft including DUKWs, Ferries and Rafts to
          enable the craft to drop anchor immediately in case of mechanical failure of the craft in
          midstream.
     7.  MGs on fixed mounts on Naval Craft will be manned.
     8.  Units are warned of underwater communications cable near site G.  Precaution will be taken to
          insure that this cable is not hooked with an anchor and broken.
     9.  BEACHMASTER controls all Engr crossing means in his assault area.  He coordinates all
          Engr operations at his site and schedules river crossing craft, so as to dispatch them without
          delay.  He wears a White helmet.
--------------------------------------------------------
26
     10.  Markings of Individuals:
            a.  BEACHMASTER - White Helmet
            b.  Engineer Guides - Two (2) inch white strips around bottom of helmet.
            c.  Engineer boat crews:  1/2 inch white strips around bottom of helmet.
            d.  All officers ( other than those assigned other markings) engaged in supervision of assault
                 crossing, including LVTs, stern boats, assault boats, road work forward of dyke, LCM,
                 LCVP work and bridges : One (1) inch wide stripe, white, over the top of the helmet from 
                 the chin straps.
            e.  All other Engineers (including LCT crews):  A three inch white square on the center rear
                 of helmet.
     11.  Marking of beach exits:  Beach exits on both near and far shores will be marked as follows: 
           ( All flashing lights marking approaches will be shielded by a 2 - inch tube.)
            a.  NIGHT:  The limits of the landing sites will be marked by a system of flashing lights as
                 noted below.  The approach itself to be marked by luminous buttons on stakes on each side
                 of the approach placed at ten foot intervals.
                 a.  119th Sector: Beach Red Zone A
                      1.  LCVPs -  Two flashlights with red covering placed on above the other one foot apart
                          and wired to ten foot stakes to be placed at each end of the landing site and near the
                          waters edge.
                       2.  LCM - Three flashlights placed and colored as above.
                 b.  117th Sector - Beach White Zone B
                       1. LCVP - Two Flashlights uncolored placed as above.
                       2.  LCM - Three Flashlights uncolored placed as above.
                       3.  DD Tank - Four Flashlights uncolored placed as above.
                 c.  120th Sector - Blue Beach - Zone C
                       1.  LCVP- Two flashlights colored blue placed as above.
                       2.  LCM - Three flashlights colored blue placed as above.
            b. DAY:  Signs will be posted at each landing site with the type craft landing and the name of
                the beach below.
______________________________

27

        12.  Markings of Bail Ferry (Raft) Site:
              
               a.  NIGHT MARKING:  Three flashlights uncovered placed one foot apart to form an
                    equilateral triangle.  One triangle of lights mounted on each side of the landing stage
                    on near and far shores facing riverward.  Approach routes to be marked by signs and
                    luminous buttons.
               b.  DAY MARKING:  Signs will mark the approach from the existing road net on near
                    shore to existing road net on far shore.

      13.  EEI: 
                a.  Are there sand bars or other obstruction in the river?
                b.  Is the far shore mined?  If so, of what type?
                c.  What are road conditions on far shore?
                d.  Are anchors holding?

4.  See Adm Annex.

5.  a.  1.  Current SOI, Index 1A-25 dated 17 Mar 45.
          2.  a.  Radio silence lifts at H-Hour for units participating in the attack.
               b.  Nets, frequencies, call signs ( Signal Annex)
               c.  Wire communications ( Signal Annex)
    b.  CPs:
          1.  1153rd Engr C Gp - ALPON A1531
          2. 1153 Fwd CP opens WALLACH A1933 D-1

               Axis of Signal Communication:
               1153 Engr C Gp ALPON A1531 - WALLACH A1933 -

                SPELLEN A 2235 - FRIEDRICHSFELD A2537.

            Ln O's report to Gp CP at ALPON thruout operation at 1000 and 1600 daily.

OFFICIAL : signed                                                                                      WALLACE
DALRYMPLE                                                                                              Comdg
S-3
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
28

ANNEXES:

Annex 1 & 2  Int
Annex 3 - Overlay, Troop Locations
Annex 4 - Overlay, tactical
Annex 5 - Vehicular Cr
Adm & Signal Annexes

DISTRIBUTION:

2- CO, XVI CORPS ENGRS
1 - 1148 Engr C Gp
1- 1103 Engr C Gp
1 - 1143 Engr C Gp
1 - 1117 Engr C Gp
1- 1142 Engr C Gp
5 - 202 Engr C Gp
1 - 234 Engr C Gp
5 - 258 Engr C Gp
5- 280 Engr C Gp
1 - 171 Engr C Gp
1 - 747 Tank Bn (LVT)
1 - 180 HVY Pon BN
1-554 Hvy Pon Bn
1 - 73 L Pon Co
1 - "E" Co, 17 Armd Engr Bn
1 - 1355 Dp Trk Co
1 - 553 AAA AW Bn
2 - Naval Unit 122.5.3
1 - 989 Tdwy Br Co
1- 329 Harbor Craft Co
1 - G-3, 30 Inf Div
1 - Div Engr, 30 Inf Div
4 - 117 Inf Regt
4 - 119 Inf Regt
4 - 120 Inf Regt
1 - CO, 1153 Engr C Gp
2 - S-2 Engr C Gp
1 - S-3 Engr C Gp
1 - S-4 Engr C Gp
1 - XO Engr C Gp
1 - Commo Engr C Gp

----------------------------------------------------
29

Not to be taken forward of Bn CP's                                                AUTH: CG, XVI CORPS
                                                                                                        DATE: 21 March 1945
                                                                                                        INIT: _____________

                                        
                                                                                                        Hq 1153rd Engr C Gp
                                                                                                        APO 339, U.S. Army
                                                                                                        2100001 March 1945

INTELLIGENCE ANNEX NO.1
To accompany FO 3

MAPS:  GSGS 4414, Scale 1:25,000, Sheets 4304, 4305, 4404, 4405, 4406
              GSGS 4507, Scale 1:50,000, Sheets 7, 17, 37, 8, 19, 38

          1.  SUMMARY OF THE ENEMY SITUATION:
            a.  Enemy Front Lines
                 E bank of RHINE RIVER
            b.  Defensive Organization
                 Continued improvement and extension of positions in the area close to the RHINE in evident both to photo interpretation and ground observation, though no real evidence of defense in depth is on hand.  A reliable source states the enemy expects an attack in the WESEL or DUISBERG area but is deployed only along the river and not in depth.  In 75th Infantry Division sectiono continuous work was observed along dike at (A219320) during the period, with other digging in progress at ( A238318) and (A208370).    Two men were observed laying wire from camouflaged holes at ( A219334) to house ( A222332).  A mortar position is suspected at (A224315) and an MG at (A246318).  An enemy kitchen with 50 troops in the area was fired on at ( A219359), (A226315), (A238329) and (A237326).

              c. Units in Contact
                Apparently both battalions of 1222 Regt are in line between the Lippe Canal and the MEHRUM (A2231) area.  A German patrol night 18-19 march yielded PW's who placed 5 Co in line between.  (A218329) and (A215342) with a platoon in reserve near (A226339).  This places the Ear Battalion in the MEHREN area or to the SE along the river bank.  A reliable source places 13 Co 22 Pars Regt, II Bn 24 Papa Regt and Graefing Bn -- all of 8 Para Division in the WESEL -- REES area.  A Polish deserter located CP of 286 Ear Bn at (A1744).

                d.  Supply and Evacuation
                    A PW from 5 Co 122 Regt states the trains fo the regiment are at (A248380).  This is a dubious location unless the regiment has troops in WESEL.

--------------------------------------------------
30

      2.  ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS OF INFORMATION:
           a.  Are there sand bars or other obstructions in the river?
           b.  Is the far shore mined?  If so, of what type? to what extent?
           c.  What are road conditions on far shore?
           d.  Are anchors holding in the bottom?

      3.  RECONNAISSANCE:
           a.  Locate gravel pits, rock piles, and other road materials.
           b.  Report all bridges out by fastest means.
           c.  Report road conditions daily.

      4.  MEASURES FOR HANDLING PRISONERS OF WAR AND CAPTURED DOCUMENTS:
           a.  Divs will be responsible for handling, escorting, guarding and feeding PWs.
           b.  Forward captured documents to Gp S-2 within 12 hours after captured.
           c.  Bns will guard captured material in place and notify this Headquarters.

      5.  COUNTERINTELLIGENCE:
            a.  General:
               1.  Secrecy discipline will be strictly enforced.  Officers and enlisted men will not discuss military instructions, plans, operations, movements or the composition or location of troops in the presence of civilians or other unknown military personnel.  secrecy precautions must not, however, jeopardize the success of operation by withholding information necessary to the forces involved.
                2.  Officers and enlisted men of this command should not hesitate to demand proper identification from unknown military personnel before ANY INFORMATION of any kind is furnished.
              3.  The countersign must not be compromised and local alternate countersigns are authorized during movement before the attack and during the attack itself.
              4.  enlisted personnel, as well as officer, should be reminded that letters and diaries which might contain information of a military nature will not be carried to the front lines, that in the event of capture the only information which need be furnished is name, rank, and serial number.
              5.  Present radio restrictions will continue, but unusual care should be take to avoid disclosure of pending plans by enemy interception.
              6.  Troop movements to the forward areas will be made under cover of darkness and with restrictions on the use of lights,.  Unnecessary congregation of vehicles in the Vic of CP's and on roads will be avoided.
-------------------------------------------------------------------
31

              7.  Military personnel in the front lines or on reconnaissance will not, under any circumstances, have in their possession any documents, except those absolutely necessary for the execution of the mission, and then in such form that they can be readily destroyed.
              8.  Necessary material for destroying documents, maps, and other information of value to the enemy will always be on hand.
              9.  Secrecy in the transmission of  messages is of the utmost importance.  Use of codes and ciphers is restricted to personnel specially trained in cryptography, and commanding officers are responsible for the maintenance of signal security within their commands.
              10.  Camouflage discipline will be strictly enforced.
              11.  In the event of air attack, small ares will NOT be fired and personnel will take cover, except that rifles may be fired at aircraft in a unit the size of a platoon or larger when under the centralized control of an officer thoroughly trained in aircraft recognition and who definitely recognizes the aircraft as enemy.
               12.  Suspicious activities of civilians and unidentified military personnel will be promptly reported to the S-2.
              13.  Commanding Officers will see that a systematic search is made of any vacated areas or abandoned bivouac sites to assure that no documents or any other thing of possible intelligence value to the enemy remains.

      6.  REPORTS:
           In the event a unit is committed as infantry, Intelligence Summaries (ISUMS) will be submitted by the unit as of 0400, 1000,1600, and 2200 and will reach this Headquarters prior to 0600, 1200, 1800, and 2400, respectively.



                                                                                                                             WALLACE

OFFICIAL:
GARLAND
S-2
------------------------------------------------------------
32

                                                                                                            Auth: CG XVI Corps
                                                                                                            Init: _SBR_
                                                                                                            Date: 21 Mar 45
                                                                                                       ***************************
                                                                                                             1153rd ENGR C GP
                                                                                                             APO 339
                                                                                                             ALPON (A153317) GERMANY
                                                                                                             211700 March 1945


ADM O 1 To Accompany FO 3

Maps :  GSGS 4507, Scale 1: 50,000

1.  SUPPLY
  a.  ClassII.
    1. Trkhd No 937 - vic HERONGEN (E972114).  Serves all Corps Trs.
    2.  All units attached to this Hq will draw and have on hand in the forward assembly areas by D-2 four (4) days' operation ("C"  or "K") rations in addition to those normally carried - making a total of six (6).  Of the above six (6) rations, one "C' or "K" ration will be carried by all individuals on D-day.
     3.  In order to reduce traffic on D-day, all units having field train bivouacs east of Hwy 57, extending east and south from A169336 through RHEINBER (A2128) to MOERS (A2317), will NOT draw Class I supplies on D-day, but will draw such supplies on or before D-1.
   B.  Water points:
      vic ALDERKERK (A080154) (no 56).
      vic LINTFORT (A175203)
      vic KEMPEN (A079080)
      vic STEVENSWEED (K678832)
      vic HOLTUM (K660740)
   c.  Class II and IV.
     1. Cml.
        a.  Army Cml Dep No 7 - DULKEN (F022966).  Flame Throwers also available at Cml C1 V
             Depots and ASPs.
     2. Engr.
        a.  Corps Engr DP - vic LINTFORT (A1722).  All Corps reserve bridge and road materials held
             at this dump.
        b.  Army engr Dep No 4 - MAASTRICHT (K5652)
        c.  Engr Spare Parts Sev Army Engr Dep No 4 - MAASTRICHT (K5652)
        d.  Army Engr Dep No 15- STRAELEN (E982167) C1 IV only.  Corps dump at STRAELEN
             (E982167) carries replacement stock for LINTFORT (A1722) dump.
---------------------------------------------------------------
33

         e.  Corps Engr Map Dep  - ALDEKERK (A083166)
      3. Med
         a.  Corps Med Sup Pt - vic LINTFORT (A180320)
         b.  Army Med Dep No 9 - vic ALDEKERK (A082165)
         c.  Blood Bank - RHEYDE (F099860)
      4. Ord.
         a.  Ord Dep No 851 - vic MUNCHEN GLADBACH (F078883)
         b.  Ord Dep No 847 - vic GREFRATH (A025055).  Ord Trs only.
      5.  QM
         a.  Corps QM DP - vic NEIUKERK (A059182)
                   Schedule:  Tue PM - TD, Tk, AAA, Cav, Cml, and Sig Units
                                     Wed AM - FA Units
                                     Wed PM - Engr Units
                                     Thur AM - Other Units
          b.  Army QM Dep - MAASTRICHT (K560520) Fort Dep 9, 22 Laanspoorweg
          c.  QM PX Whse - MAASTRICHT (K560525) Sphinx Pottery Works Whse.
       6.  Sig.
           a.  Corps Sig Sup O -  97 Sig Bn - vic LINTFORT (A1722)
           b.  Army Sig Dep No 3 - vic MAASTRICHT (K5752).

   d.Class III.
        1. SPs.
           a.  Trkhd No 938 - vic HERONGEN (E972114). Serves all Corps Trs.
        2.  All units attached this Hqs will draw and have on hand by D-2 the necessary supply of
             gasoline, oils, greases and lubricants for the operation.
        3.  In order to reduce traffic on D-Day, all units having field train bivouacs east of Hwy 57,
             extending east and south from A169336 through RHEINBERG (A2128) to MOERS (A2317),
             will NOT draw Class III supplies on D-day, but will draw such supplies on or before D-1.
   e. ClassV.
        1. All units crossing the RHEIN RIVER during the period D to D plus 2 incl will carry basic load.
        2. Cml
           a.  Cml ASP No 12 - NIEUKERK (A055185)
        3. Engr.
           a. Ord ASP No 844 - vic ALDEKERK (A080159).  Engr Explosives.  the following items are
               the total allocation to XVI Corps:
                          ITEM                                            UNIT                         Amount
         Block, demo, M2                                             1b                             20,000
         Torpedo, bangalore, M1                                   ea                                  500
         Explosive, TNT                                                1b                               5,000
        Lighter, fuse, M2, waterproof                            ea                               2,000
        Detonator, 15 sec delay                                      ea                               1,000
        Caps, blasting, elec                                             ea                               2,000
        Caps, blasting, non-elec                                      ea                               2,000
---------------------------------------------------
34

        Fuse, blasting, time                                                               ft                               5,000
        Cord, detonating                                                                   ft                              20,000
        Protectors, rubber, blasting caps                                          ea                               1,000
        TNT shaped charges, M1                                                     lb                                   500
        Mines, AT, M1A1                                                                ea                              15,000

         4. Ord.
           a.  Ammunition Dep No 844 - vic ALDERKERK (A080159)

2.  EVACUATION.
  a.  Casualties.
       1.  Personnel.
             a.  Axis of evacuation: through infantry division being supported.
             b.  Group maintains liasion between units.
             c.  Battalion Aid Stations attached H minus twelve (12) hours to Collecting Companies as
                  indicated' to revert to battalion control when Collecting Companies reach far shore.
                1. 171 Engr C Bn aid station to work in conjunction with Coll Co. "A", 30th Division.
                2.  258th Engr C Bn aid station to work in conjunction with Coll. Co "B", 30th Division.
                3.  202d Engr C Bn aid station to work in conjunction with Coll. Co. "C", 30th Division.
             d.  The following Battalion aid stations to maintain normal medical support of battalions:
                1. 180th Engr H P Bn aid station.
                2.  280th Engr C Bn aid station.
                3.  554th Engr J P Bn aid station.
    b.  Burials.
       1.  Corps Coll Pt - vic SEVELEN (A097220).  Units evacuate to Corps Coll Pt.
       2.  Army Coll Pt - vic HARDT (F038897)
       3.  Ninth U.S.Army Cemetery - vic MARGARTEN (K645482). For U.S. and Allied dead only.
       4.  German Military Cemetery- vic HARDT ( F038897) For enemy dead only.
       5.  Personal Effects Dep No Q-290 - FOLEMBRAY, FRANCE.
    c.  Salvage.
       1. Cml
          a. Coll Pts.
              1.  Army Cml Dep No 7 - DULKEN (F022966).
       2.  Ord.
           a. Coll Pts
              1.  No 845 - vic GREFRATH (A025055).
       3. QM.
           a.  Coll Pts.
              1.  No 937 - vic HERONGEN (E972114)

-----------------------------------------------------------------------
35

3. TRAFFIC.
   a.  Regulation and control.
      1.  Traffic control points.  (See Overlay)
      2.  All engineer trucks moving to or from the river from their assembly areas or work site will be
            marked on front with signs.  "ENGINEER PRIORITY".  Signs to be painted red on white, 12"
            x 24" in size.
   b.  Circulation
      1. Routes for bridge trains and other engineer vehicles.  See Overlay.
   c.  Restrictions.
       1. Lights
          a.  The Army Light Line is describes as follows:
              1.  From Ninth U S Army N boundry at GELDERN (A022256) SE along Hwy N9 through
                   NEIUKERK(A055??5) to ALDEKERK (A082082); thence S along Hwy L27 to
                   KEMDEN (A082082); thence SW along Hwy L232 to GREFRATH (A028050); thence S
                   along HWY L31 to SUCHTELN (F047995); thense S along Hwy N59 through VIERSEN
                   (F059966) to UMMER (F077940); thence SE along unnumbered road through LURRIT
                   (F117903) to canal; thence S along canal to Hwy L38; thence SE to GIESENKIRCHEN
                   (F129848);  thence SE along unnumbered route through HAPPERS (F144825), GIERATH
                   (F166800) to GREVENBROICH (F194776); thence SE along Hwy N59 to ERFT
                   CANAL ; thence S along canal to Ninth U.S. Army S boundry at GLESCH (F198644).
              2.  In rear of this line and along roads and in town named full vehicle lights may be used with
                   the exception of the town of VIERSEN.  "Blackout" or "Marker" driving lights only will
                   be used forward of the Army Light Line.
4.  SERVICE TROOPS.
   a.  Maintenance.
      1.  Cml
          a.  57th Cml maint Co MUNCHEN GLADBACH (F0786890), 47 Rudolph St.
          b.  Det 211 Cml Maint Co (ADSEC) - KEMPEN (A088087)
      2.  Engr.
          a.  1468 Engr Maint Co - vic ALDERKERK.  Conact plat will move to LINTFORT and set up
               shops as situation stabilizes.  Emergency vehicle on call at all times.
          b.  667 Engr Topo Co - vic ALDEKERK (A088087). Orders for topo work must be approved by
               this Hq.  (Contact Corps Engr.)
      3. Ord.
         a.  185th Ord Bn, Hq/Hq  Det - vic KAMP (A145241)
------------------------------------------------------------------
36

         b.  55? HM Co - Vic KLEINSDORT (A077668) Special.
         c.  187th Ord Bn Hq/Hq Det - vic STRAELEN (E978175).
         d.  342d Ord MAM Co -Vic WACHTENDONK (A034130) Supports Corps Troops Automotive
         e.  3512th MAM Co (Auto) - vic STRAELEN (E78175) Supports Corps Troops Automotive
         f. Ord Serv Sta No 845 - vic WACHTENDONK (A025132)
     4.  Sig
         a.  97th Sig Bn - LINTFORT (A1722)
         b.  188th Sig Rep Co - RHEYDT (F1078) 3d & 4th Ech Repair
  b. Field Service
    1. Fum & Bath
       a.  872d QM Fum & bath Co - vic HOMBERGEN (E971063)
    2. Laundry
       a. 463d QM Ldry Co - vic KLINKHAMMER (K 982996)
   3. Officers' Sales Store
       a.  Static: 13 Josef Goebbels St., RHEYDE (F1086) Open daily including Sun 1000 to 1800.
            Closed last day of month.
       b.  Mbl: LINTFORT (A1722) - vic "DIAMOND" Rear Ech.  Open 17, 18, 19, 20 Mar only.
   4.  Salvage Repair
       a.  Tentage and Shoe Repair. 
         1. 532d QM Salv Rep Co - vic BROEKHUYSEN (E976135)
       b.  Field ranges, office mach, one and two burner stoves, gasoline, lanterns, immersion type
            heaters and QM spec purpose equip.
         1. Equip Maint Plat, 532d QM Salv Rep Co - vic BROEKHUYSEN (E976135)
   5.  General
      a.  Engr Fire Fighting Plat - provides mbl fire protection- for assistance contact Corps Engr
           (COLFAX 15)
         1. 1 Sec 1214 Engr FF Plat  vic HERONGEN (E939102)
         2.  1 Sec 1238 Engr FF Plat vic LINTFORT (A175225)
     b.  Army Cam Factory - MUNCHEN GLADBACH (F099918) For tech assistance in camouflage
          contact Corps Engr.
     c. General Purchasing Agent (GYA) Team No 1 - G-4 Sec Conquer Fwd.
5.  MISCELLANEOUS
  a.  Rear Bounderies.
     1.  Corps.  From Ninth US Army North boundery at GELDEREN (E023257), SE along Hwy 9 to
          NIEUKERK (A0518) and south along Hwy 127 to XVI Corps -- XIII Corps boundry at
          KEMPEN (A0808).  Hwys and town along boundary inclusive to Corps, except GELDEREN
          which is inclusive to Ninth US Army.
     2.  Divisions.  From Ninth US Army North boundary at stream crossing at A107283, south to river
          crossing at A108262, thence south along east bank of NENNEDER FLEUTH RIVER at
          A122212, thence south alond unnumbered road to VINNBRUCK (A139125), and south along
          Hwy 9 to junction with XVI-XIII Corps boundry at RR crossing at A1431000.  All roads and
           towns along boundary to Corps.
---------------------------------------------------------------

 37

        b.  Rear Echelon XVI Corps - WACHTENDONK (A0213)
        c.  Town Majors.
           1.  LINDTFORT (A1722).  Telephone COLFAZ 44.
        d. Real Estate.
           1.  Procedure for acquisition of real estate:  See Memo No 108, Hq Ninth US Army, dated 9
                Now 44, and Change 1, dated 25 jan 45, and Memo, XVI Corps Hq, subject :  "Acquisition
                of Real estate, Buildings, etc"  dated 14 Jan 45.
6. EQUIPMENT.
    a.  202d Engr C Bn
      1.  Six (6) Seamules, nine (9) LCMs, nine (9) LCVTs, to be launched on Group order.  Empty
           TRVs to be assembled in LINTFORT and returned to Ord on Group order. Seamules
           distributed as follows:
           One (1)-------------554th Engr H P Bn (Boom)
           One (1)-------------180th Engr H P Bn (Bridge)
           One (1)-------------17th Engr Tdwy Br Co (bridges)
           One (1)-------------989th Engr Tdwy Br Co (bridges)
          Two (2)-------------202d Engr C bn (ferries)
      2.  Two (2) 1 1/2 yard crawler cranes to be retained by 202d Engr C Bn at beach.  Also retain
           two (2) Seamules for operation of Bailey rafts.
      3.  Deliver one (1) 20-ton lowbed to LINTFORT to load LCVPs at 221600.
    b.  258th Engr C Bn
      1.  Three(3) dozers with operators to be furnished to 280th Engr C Bn effective 2300 and to revert
           to control of lending unit upon completeion of road work.  280th Engr C Bn to furnish guides.
      2.  Two (2) Quickway cranes from 17th Engr Tdwy Br Co to revert to conrol of lending unit at
           230800 at KAMPERBRUCK.
    c.  280th Engr C Bn
       1.  To be furnished two (2) motor patrols with operators, two (2) D-7 tractors with operators
            by 1103rd Engr C Gp at 221200. 280th Engr C Bn to furnish guides.
       2.  Unload eight (8) 20-ton lowbeds in forward area (Transport for D-7) at 221600 and deliver to
            LINTFORT to load LCVIs.
    d.  1103rd Enfr C Gp
       1.  To operate four (4) shovels vic OSSENBERG for road metal.
    e.  180th Engr H P Bn
       1.  To be furnished one (1) Quickway crane with operators by 1103rd Engr C Gp at 221200 to be
            used in operation of bridge dump at VLYN BUSH.  180th Engr H P Bn to furnish guides.
       2.  To retain three (3) organic utility boats.
--------------------------------------------
38


    f. 554th ENgr H P Bn
       1.  To furnish one (1) utility boat to 180th Engr C Bn at 211200.  180th Engr C Bn to furnish
            guides.
       2.  To retain (2) utility boats and two (2) Quickway cranes.
    g.  73rd Engr L P Co.
       1.  Fifty (50) 2 1/2 tonee cargo trucks, fifty (5) pole type trailers, and one (1) Quickway crane
            now with 258th Engr C Bn to revert to control of 73rd Engr L P Co at 230800.
       2.  Load organic transportation with four (4) Class 40 Bailey rafts from Depot #37 starting
            230800.
       3.  Rafts, one (1) utility boat, one (1) crane to be on call for 202d Engr C Bn for construction of
            Bailey rafts.
       4.  Furnish one (1) utility boat to 17th engr Tdwy Br Co. Boat to revert to unit control upon
            completion of bridge.
    h.  17th Engr Tdwy Br Co
       1.  To be furnished one (1) Quickway crane with operators by 1103rd Engr C Gp at 221200 to
            be used in operation of bridge dump at KAMP.  17th Engr Tdwy Br Co to furnish guides.
     i.  1355th Engr D Trk Co.
        1.  Three (3) trucks with 122.3.5 Naval Detachment to revert to control of 1355th Engr D Trk
              Co on Gp order.
        2.  Twenty (20) trucks with 258th Engr C Bn to revert to control of 17th Engr Tdwy Br Co at
             230800, and will revert to 1355th Engr D Trk Co upon completeion of bridge.  258th Engr C
             Bn to deliver trucks to 17th Engr Tdwy Br. Co.
        3.  Twenty-two (22) trucks to be furnished to 280th Engr C Bn at 211800 and to revert to 1355th
             Engr D Trk Co upon completion of road work.


                                                                                                                WALLACE
                                                                                                                    Comdg

OFFICAL:
:signed:
ROLAND
S-4

DISTRIBUTION:
Same as FO 3

------------------------------------------------------------------------------

                                                                                                               Auth :CG XVI Corps
                                                                                                               Init : ::EBR::
                                                                                                               Date:  22 Mar 45
                                                                                                               ****************
                                                                                                         1153rd ENGR C GP
                                                                                                         APO 339
                                                                                                        ALPON (A153317) GERMANY

                                                                                                         220900 March 1945

CH 1 To ADM O 1 To Accompany FO3

maps:  GSGS 4507, Scale 1:50,000

1. SUPPLY
  e. Class V.
     3. Engr

       (3) Engr
             a.   ITEM                                     UNIT                          AMOUNT
                  TNT shaped charges, M1        ea                                   500

4.  SERVICE TROOPS
   a.  Maintenance.
      3. Ord
        b.  555th HM Co - vic KLEINSDORF (K677668).  Special
6.  EQUIPMENT
   a.  202d Engr C Bn
      4.  To retain one (1) 3/4 yd truck-mounted crane for unloading LCVPs.
      5.  To be furnished two (@) tand dozers by 739th T D Bn at 221200.  Dozers to revert to 739th T
           D Bn upon completion of job.  202d Engr C Bn to furnish guides.
      6.  Pick up one (1) power utility boat at Depot #37 to be used for river patrol work.
  b.  258th Engr C Bn
      1.  Furnish twelve (12) 55HP outboard motors to 73d Engr L P Co at 221600. 73d Engr L P Co
           will furnish guides and transportation.
  h.  17th Engr Tdwy Br Co
      2.  Pick up one (1) R-4 tractor from 1103d Engr C Gp.  Tractor to revert to control of 1103d Engr
           C Gp upon completion of bridge.
      3.  Pick up one (1) power utility boat w/ trailer at Depot #37.
  j.  234th Engr C Bn
      1. Pick up from the 1103d Engr C Gp one (1) R-4 tractor and one (1) motor patrol.
  k.  989th Engr Tdwy Br Co
      1.  Pick up one (1) utility power boat from Depot #37.
      2.  Pick up nine (9) dump trucks from 180th Engr H P Bn.  Trucks to be organic equipment of the
           171st Engr C Bn and to revert to control of 171sst Engr C Bn upon completion of bridge job.




                                                                                                                      WALLACE
                                                                                                                           Comdg

OFFICIAL:
::Signed::
ROLAND
S-4

DIST:
Same as FO 3
-----------------------------------------------------------------

  RADIO NETS
1153d Engr C Gp



1153      513  KC        to 1153 FWD
                                         202 Engr
                                         234 Engr
                                         171 Engr
                                         989 Tdwy Br Co



1103E to
1148 E to
1153E to                         A (4100K)
17 Tdwy Br to                                                    XVI
18 AAA to                     B (43975 KC)
26AAA to


                                                  RED
                                     21
1153E to    Channel                  WHITE
                                    36
                                                 BLUE


COMMUNICATION SECTION
LT E. W. KAYHS

-----------------------------------------------------------

41

ROSTER OF OFFICERS
Headquarters, 1153d Engineer Combat Group

Commanding Officer
Colonel DAVID C WALLACE 019 715 CE

Maj              ROBERT JLYTLE                  O   452 663   CE Executive Officer
Capt             CHARLES K JOSNER           O1 593 945   CE S-1
2Lt               RICHARD M FARRER          O2 001 081   CE Asst S-1
Maj              JAMES E GARLAND              O 393 647    CE S-2
2Lt               BYRD W HOPPES                   O 541 327    CE Asst S-2
Capt             ROBERT W DALRYMPLE         025 329    CE S-3
1st Lt           JACK A BUSH                         O 539 351     CE Asst S-3
Maj              ERNEST B ROLAND              O 342 544     CE S-4
Capt             WALTER R HERNANDEX   O1 824 183    CE Asst S-4
Capt             MANUEL F J SAUNDERS      O 925 493     CE Hq Co Comdr
1st Lt           ERNEST W KAYHS               O1 016 249     CE Commo Officer
Capt             IRVING M RIFFIN                  O 374 529      MC Medical Officer
Capt             SIDNEY C CONRAD             O 444 297       DC Dental Officer
Chap (Capt) JAMES R O'NEIL                   O 557 162       CH Catholic Chaplin
Chap (Capt) JUD B SHELTON                   O 539 413       CH  Protestant Chaplin
Capt             ROBERT HACKEN               O1 102 275      CE I&E, SSO
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42

ROSTER OF OFFICERS

171 Engineer Combat Battalion
Lt Col Charles R Keasey 0 369 783     CE  CO
Maj Carlos L Faulkner  O1 106 125     CE  ExO
Capt Joseph B Huges     O1 101 051    CE S-3

202 Engineer Combat Battalion
LtCol William H Unger   O 279 384  CE CO
Maj John M Arnett          O 307 302   CE ExO
Maj Frederick J Baker         023 732   CE S-3

234 Engineer Combat Battalion
LtCol Walter C De Renne     O1 101 807  CE CO
Maj Robert R McIntyre         O1 103 312  CE ExO
Capt Robert F Lexow            O1 101 923   CE S-3

258 Engineer Combat Battalion
LtCol Adrian H Williams      O 233 204   CE CO
Maj Marvin G Kemp             O 379 223    CE ExO
Maj Edward M Maddock      O 300 884     CE S-3

280 Engineer Combat Battalion
Maj Edward J Heinze            O 327 953   CE CO
Maj James G Rawlings         O 363 768    CE ExO
Capt Estill P Ravenscroft, JR O1 100 738  CE S-3

180 Engineer Heavy Ponton Battalion
LtCol Charlie L White           O 396 939  CE CO
Maj Saul B Jacobson             O 312 914  CE ExO
Capt Joseph A Oberochta      O 390 269  CE S-3

554 Engineer Heavy Ponton Battalion
Maj William F Grauch           O 305 827  CE CO
Capt William A Simmons      O1 113 445  CE ExO
1st Lt David F Egelhoff          O1 645 822   CE S-3

747 Tank Battalion (LVT)
LtCol Stewart G Fries                 O19 827  CE CO
Maj Owen W Nelson              O 337 734   CE ExO
Maj Olvin F Sebiesta              O 365 201   CE S-3
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43


ROSTER OF OFFICERS

73 Engineer Light Ponton Company
Capt Jack H Sinn                 O 352 271     CE CO

Co E, 17 Armored Battalion
Capt James E McAdams      O 456 115      CE CO

989 Engineer Treadway Bridge Company
Capt Arnold Maeker            O 471 377       CE CO

633 Engineer Light Equipment Company
Capt Edwin R Childs                                   CE CO

1355 Engineer Dump Truck Company
Capt James R Harper         O1 103 200        CE CO

Detachment C, 329 Harbor Craft Company

Naval Unit   122.5.3
Commander Patrick




END OF PROJECT........CJB